- Version: 2.1.0.dev (23 June 2022)
- GammaLib dependency: 2.1.0.dev
This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
ctools is a software package for the scientific analysis of astronomical gamma-ray data. The software comprises an extensive set of tools for the analysis of data from existing and future Cherenkov telescopes, including H.E.S.S., VERITAS, MAGIC and CTA. ctools supports also the analysis of data from CGRO/COMPTEL, Fermi/LAT and INTEGRAL/SPI, enabling the exploration of the full gamma-ray energy band, spanning from hundreds of keV to hundreds of TeV.
The following tools and scripts are generic analysis utilities:
ctbutterfly - create a butterfly cterror - likelihood profile error estimation ctmapcube - generate sky map cube ctlike - maximum likelihood model fitting cttsmap - generate a TS map ctulimit - compute upper limits cscaldb - lists available instrument response functions csinfo - checks ctools and GammaLib installations cslightcrv - computes light curve csmodelinfo - shows model container content csmodelmerge - merges several model containers into one file csmodelselect - select models from model definition file csmodelsois - generate map cube from subset of models csobsinfo - shows observation container content csspec - computes spectral points cstsdist - generates Test Statistic distribution cstsmapmerge - merges slices from Test Statistic map computations cstsmapsplit - creates commands to split the Test Statistic map computations csworkflow - run an analysis workflow
The following tools and script support the analysis of CTA and IACT data:
ctbin - event binning ctcubemask - mask bins in binned analysis ctexpcube - generate an exposure cube ctpsfcube - generate a PSF cube ctedispcube - generate energy dispersion cube ctbkgcube - generate a background cube ctfindvar - search for source variability ctmodel - generation of model counts map ctobssim - simulation of CTA observations ctphase - computes the phase of each event ctprob - computes event probability for a given model ctselect - event selection ctskymap - Sky mapping tool csbkgmodel - generates background model for 3D analysis csebins - generates energy boundaries for stacked analysis csobsdef - generates observation definition file csobsselect - select observations from observation definition file csphagen - generates PHA, ARF, RMF files based on source/background regions csphasecrv - computes phase curve cspull - generates pull distribution csresmap - generates residual map csresspec - generates residual spectrum csroot2caldb - creates a caldb entry from a ROOT file csscs - Performs spectral component separation cssens - computes CTA sensitivity cssrcdetect - detects sources in sky map csviscube - computes visibility cube
The following scripts support the management of an IACT database:
csobs2caldb - Creates a caldb entry from an input observation csiactdata - Shows information about IACT data available on the user machine csiactobs - Generates observation definition file for IACT data from observation IDs csfindobs - Generates a list of IACT observation IDs csiactcopy - Copies IACT data from one location to another
The following scripts support COMPTEL science analysis:
comlixfit - Fit model to data using SRCLIX algorithm comlixmap - Create TS map using SRCLIX algorithm comobsadd - Combine observations comobsback - Generate background model for COMPTEL observations comobsbin - Bin COMPTEL observations comobsmodel - Generate model for binned COMPTEL observations comobsres - Generate residuals of COMPTEL observations comobsselect - Select observations from COMPTEL database comobssim - Simulate COMPTEL observations comsrcdetect - Detect source in TS map
ctools require GammaLib. Please refer to http://cta.irap.omp.eu/gammalib for instructions about how to install GammaLib.
Once GammaLib is properly installed, make sure that you added the setup
script to your
export GAMMALIB=/usr/local/gamma source $GAMMALIB/bin/gammalib-init.sh
If you use C shell or a variant then add the following to your .cshrc or .tcshrc script:
setenv GAMMALIB /usr/local/gamma source $GAMMALIB/bin/gammalib-init.csh
If you have installed GammaLib in another directory than
please adapt the path correspondingly.
If you really insist, you may install ctools in a directory different to that hosting GammaLib, but we highly recommend to install both packages together.
The easiest is to install ctools via conda. This also takes care of the installation of GammaLib. Assuming that you have installed anaconda, type the following:
$ conda config --append channels conda-forge $ conda config --append channels cta-observatory $ conda install ctools
To build and install ctools, simply type the following:
$ ./configure $ make $ make check $ make install
If the folder does not contain any
configure file, please run
By default ctools installs itself in
/usr/local/gamma. If you need to
install ctools in a different location or in your home directory, use
--prefix option to
./configure. For example:
$ ./configure --prefix=/home/yourname/projects $ make $ make check $ make install
The file INSTALL details more about using configure. Also try
$ ./configure --help.
make check command will run an extensive unit test to verify that
ctools was correctly built. Make sure that all tests were successful.
ctools builds and installs seamlessly on all Mac OS starting from at least Mac OS 10.6.
On older systems you may use Mac specific configure options:
$ ./configure --enable-universalsdk[=PATH]
creates a universal build of ctools. The optional argument specifies
which MacOS SDK should be used to perform the build. This defaults to
/ when building on a 10.5
system or higher, especially when building 64-bit code.
$ ./configure --with-univeral-archs=VALUE
specifies the kind of universal build that should be created. Possible
all. By default, a
build will be made. This option is only valid when
--enable-universalsdk is specified.
These options are in particular needed if your Python architecture differs from the default architecture of your system. To examine the Python architecture you may type:
$ file `which python`
which will return the architectures that are compiled in the Mach-0 executable:
i386 32-bit intel ppc 32-bit powerpc ppc64 64-bit powerpc x86_64 64-bit intel
If Python is 32-bit (ppc, i386) but the compiler produces by default 64-bit code (ppc64, x86_64), the Python module will not work. Using
$ ./configure --enable-universalsdk=/
will force a universal 32-bit build which creates code for ppc and i386. If on the other hand Python is 64-bit (ppc64, x86_64) but the compiler produces by default 32-bit code (ppc, i386), the option
$ ./configure --enable-universalsdk=/ --with-univeral-archs=3-way
will generate a universal build which contains 32-bit and 64-bit code.
ctools has been successfully installed on FreeBSD. Make sure that you
gmake for building of the software. Otherwise follow the Linux
installation instructions above.
ctools compile on Solairs, but there is an issue with using it as a shared library (see "Known problems" below).
On Windows ctools needs to be installed into a virtual machine running a Linux distribution.
If you want to test ctools before installation, type the following:
$ make check
Before using ctools you have to setup some environment variables. This will be done automatically by an initialisation script that will be installed in the bin directory.
Assuming that you have installed ctools in the default directory
/usr/local/gamma you need to add the following to your
$HOME/.profile script on a Linux machine:
export CTOOLS=/usr/local/gamma source $CTOOLS/bin/ctools-init.sh
If you use C shell or a variant then add the following to your
setenv CTOOLS /usr/local/gamma source $CTOOLS/bin/ctools-init.csh
See the online documentation at http://cta.irap.omp.eu/ctools.
The doc directory (usually at /usr/local/gamma/share/doc/ctools)
contains the most recent set of updated documentation for this release. A detailed documentation can be created by typing:
$ make doc
before installing the library. Two types of documentation exist:
- code documentation
- user documentation
Code documentation is created using Doxygen. You need Doxygen on your
system to generate the code documentation. This includes man pages.
Doxygen can be obtained from http://www.stack.nl/~dimitri/doxygen/.
User documentation is created using Sphinx. You need Sphinx on your system to generate the user documentation. Sphinx can be obtained from http://sphinx-doc.org/install.html.
To report or search for bugs, please use the ctools Bug Tracker at https://cta-redmine.irap.omp.eu/projects/ctools. Before using the tracker, please read https://cta-redmine.irap.omp.eu/projects/ctools/wiki/Submission_guidelines
Although ctools compile on Solaris using the Sun compiler, there are problems with global symbols in the shared GammaLib library that prevent the model registry to work correctly. Furthermore, GammaLib is not able to catch its own exceptions, which prevents the FITS interface to work correctly. Possible it will work using gcc on Solaris, yet this has not been tested so far.
To get in touch with the ctools developers and to contribute to the project please contact Juergen Knoedlseder email@example.com.